Microbial Nitrate Reductase: Classification and Determination

  • A. Dvorakova * * Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague; ** University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  • K. Demnerova * * Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague; ** University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  • M. Mackova * * Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague; ** University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  • J. Pazlarova * * Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague; ** University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  • P. Rauch * * Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague; ** University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  • E. Ferri ** * Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague; ** University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  • S. Girotti ** * Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague; ** University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

Abstrakt

The review summarises the contemporary knowledge on occurrence, production, and estimation of different microbial nitrate reductases (NR). The main interest is focused on two basic NR types: dissimilatory and assimilatory NR, both playing an important role in nitrate metabolism of bacteria. NR are putatively responsible for the presence of nitrosamines in many food items. In the second part, quantitative and qualitative methods of NR estimation are compared.
Publikované
1998-03-15
Sekce
Články