Několik slepých uliček na cestě ke kvantovému atomu
Klíčová slova:Bohrův model atomu, kvantová teorie molekul, kvantová chemie, ionizace
In this review pre-quantum atom and molecular models are briefly described. First we focus on the Bohr theory of one-electron and many-electron atoms as well as on the Bohr molecular theory. Further we describe the concepts of Newton, vortex atom models and various electron models, including those formed solely in the chemistry field. We show that even the incorrect scientific theories are inherent parts of intellectual history.