Nanokompozitné materiály typu striebro-polymér v bioinženýrstve
This review discusses the methods of the nanofabrication of metal-polymer composites, especially those based on silver nanostructures. The advantages of composites based on biocompatible polymer matrix, as well as their modifications with suitable techniques are broadly discussed. Different forms of silver nanostructures are reviewed with special emphasis on their antimicrobial activity. Mechanisms of the antimicrobial action of the silver nanostructures are summarized together with proposed ways of passing through the cell wall and processes triggered in cellular environment.